What causes spondylosis?
Spondylosis is caused by the natural wear and tear of the spine that comes with age.
What happens to the spine?
The process normally begins with the intervertebral discs as they lose their elasticity and begin to dry out. Over time the thinning discs may collapse and cause stress on the facet joints and ligaments surrounding the vertebrae. Over time the overall structures may weaken, making the vertebrae to become movable.
The vertebrae shift out of place and begin to rub against one another. This normally causes bony growths called bone spurs (osteophytes) to develop on the vertebra, which can pinch the surrounding nerves or compress the spinal cord.
What are the symptoms of spondylosis?
Most people experience tingling, numbness and weakness in the hands, arms, legs or feet depending on where the pinched nerve is located. Lack of coordination and difficulty walking are also common. Some people may experience loss of control over their bladder and bowel (incontinence).